Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), and objective complements (oc) in the following sentences.
If the word is verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle, noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive. Tell which word the adjective, adverb, prepositional phrase, verbal, orverbal phrase modify.
If the sentence has a dependent clause, tell whether it is a noun clause, adverb clause, or adjective clause. Tell which word the adverb and adjective clausemodify. Tell how the noun clause is used.
1. The woman had several broken bones because her bones were weak.
2. What the man wanted was a free ride through life.
3. I hope that I can learn to use the computer.
4. Do not eat the fruit that has fallen on the ground.
5. We waited until the doctor reported the operation a success.
–For answers scroll down.
1. had = verb, woman = subject, bones = direct object, the = adjective modifying woman, several = adjective modifying bones, broken = participle modifying bones; (because her bones were weak) = adverb clause modifying the verb had, were = verb, bones = subject, weak = predicate adjective modifying bones, her = adjective modifying bones, because = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause
2. was = verb, (what the man wanted) = noun clause used as the subject, wanted = verb, man = subject, what = noun introductory word used as the direct object, the = adjective modifying man; ride = predicate nominative, a/free = adjectives modifying ride, through life = adjective prepositional phrase modifying ride, through = preposition, life = object of the preposition
3. hope = verb, I = subject; (that I can learn to use the computer) = noun clause used as the direct object, can learn = verb, I = subject, to use the computer = infinitive phrase used as the direct object, to use = infinitive, computer = direct object of the infinitive to use, the = adjective modifying computer, that = noun clause introductory word that does not fit grammatically with the sentence
4. do eat = verb, (you understood) = subject, fruit = direct object, the = adjective modifying fruit, not = adverb modifying do eat; (that has fallen on the ground) = adjective clause modifying fruit, has fallen = verb, that = adjective clause introductory word used as the subject equaling fruit, on the ground = adverb prepositional phrase modifying has fallen, on = preposition, ground = object of the preposition, the = adjective modifying ground
5. waited = verb, we = subject; (until the doctor reported the operation a success) = adverb clause modifying waited, reported = verb, doctor = subject, operation = direct object, the = adjective modifying doctor, the = adjective modifying operation, success = object complement modifying operation, a = adjective modifying success, until = subordinate conjunction introducing an adverb clause
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