Lesson 296 – Parts of the Sentence – Compound/Complex Sentences

Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), and objective complements (oc) in the following sentences.
If the word is verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle, noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive. Tell which word the adjective, adverb, prepositional phrase, verbal, orverbal phrase modify.
If the sentence has a dependent clause tell whether it is a noun clause, adverb clause, or adjective clause. Tell which word the adverb and adjective clausemodify. Tell how the noun clause is used.
1. John went to school, but James remained at home because he had a sore throat.
2. If he changes his mind, we shall know for sure that Joe has learned his lesson, but only time will tell.
3. Those clouds promise rain; we should hurry before we get caught in a flash flood.
4. Here is the money that I owed you, and I am happy to be free of debt.
5. Were you ever in a storm that was full of lightning, or don’t you recall?
–For answers scroll down.

1. went = verb, John = subject, to school = adverb prepositional phrase modifying went, to = preposition, school = object of the preposition; but = co-ordinate conjunction, remained = verb, James = subject, at home = adverb prepositional phrase modifying remained, at = preposition, home = object of the preposition; (because he had a sore throat) = adverb clause modifying remained, had = verb, he = subject, throat = direct object, a/sore = adjectives modifying throat, because = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause
2. (If he changes his mind) = adverb clause modifying shall know, changes = verb, he = subject, mind = direct object, his = adjective modifying mind, if = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; shall know = verb, we = subject, for sure = adverb prepositional phrase modifying shall know, for = preposition, sure = object of the preposition; (that Joe has learned his lesson) = noun clause used as the direct object, has learned = verb, Joe = subject, lesson = direct object, his = adjective modifying lesson, that = noun clause introductory word which does not fit grammatically with the sentence; will tell = verb, time = subject, only = adjective modifying time, but = co-ordinate conjunction
3. promise = verb, clouds = subject, rain = direct object, those = adjective modifying clouds; should hurry = verb, we = subject; (before we get caught in a flash flood) = adverb clause modifying should hurry, get = verb, we = subject, caught in a flash flood = participial phrase used as a predicate adjective, caught = participle, in a flash flood = adverb prepositional phrase modifying caught, in = preposition, flood = object of the preposition, a/flash = adjectives modifying flood, before = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause
4. is = verb, money = subject, the = adjective modifying money, here = adverb modifying is; (that I owed you) = adjective clause modifying money, owed = verb, I = subject, that = direct object, you = indirect object; am = verb, I = subject, happy = predicate adjective modifying I, to be free of debt = adverb infinite phrase modifying happy, to be = infinitive, free = predicate adjective to the infinitive, of debt = adverb prepositional phrase modifying free, of = preposition, debt = object of the preposition, and = co-ordinate conjunction
5. were = verb, you = subject, ever = adverb modifying were, in a storm = adverb prepositional phrase modifying were, in = preposition, storm = object of the preposition, a = adjective modifying storm; (that was full of lightning) = adjective clause modifying storm, was = verb, that = subject, full = predicate adjective modifying that, of lightning = adverb prepositional phrase modifying full, of = preposition, lightning = object of the preposition; do recall = verb, you = subject, n’t = adverb modifying do recall, or = co-ordinate conjunction

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from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog


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