Adjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They come before the noun or pronoun they modify except for the predicate adjective which comes after a linking verb and modifies the subject.
There are seven (7) words in the English language that are always adjectives. They are the articles a, an, and the and the possessives my, our, your, and their. (The possessives are from the possessive pronoun list but are always used with nouns as adjectives.) One should memorize them so they are immediately recognized as adjectives.
Example of adjectives: The big brown bear grabbed the scared small man. The, big and brown modify the subject bearand the, scared and small modify the direct object man. Examples of a predicate adjective: The big bear is brown. The brown bear was big. Brown and bigcome after the linking verbs is and was and modify the subject bear.
Instructions: Find the predicate adjectives in these sentences, tell what they modify, and what they tell us.
1. The performance was hilarious.
2. The two girls were tired and exhausted.
3. My father is old but strong.
4. This fish tastes too salty.
5. Has she been sick recently?
–For answers scroll down.
1. hilarious modifies the subject performance and tells what kind
2. tired/exhausted modify the subject girls and tell what kind
3. old/strong modify the subject father and tell what kind
4. salty modifies the subject fish and tells what kind
5. sick modifies the subject she and tells what kind
For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook and a Workbook format.
from Daily Grammar Lessons Blog